These image were shot in black and white on medium format film. The negatives were printed on transparent film in a darkroom. The film is painted on the reverse side and placed over a second layer of chalk pastel. This is a process I developed after working with film positives to prepare silkscreens. I have found that the film, especially when layered over paint, pastel or collage, has a three dimensional quality more akin to color slides than to color prints. Italy was a particularly rich source of imagery for this layered process.